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Effect of selenium on growth and antioxidative system of yeast cells

Kieliszek, Marek, Błażejak, Stanisław, Bzducha-Wróbel, Anna, Kot, Anna M.
Molecular biology reports 2019 v.46 no.2 pp. 1797-1808
Candida utilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, antioxidants, aqueous solutions, biomass, dietary supplements, enzyme activity, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, health promotion, humans, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, selenium, toxicity, yeasts
Selenium exhibits health-promoting properties in humans and animals. Therefore, the development of selenium-enriched dietary supplements has been growing worldwide. However, it may also exhibit toxicity at higher concentrations, causing increased oxidative stress. Different species of yeasts may exhibit different tolerances toward selenium. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to determine the effect of selenium on growth and on the antioxidative system in Candida utilis ATCC 9950 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC MYA-2200 yeast cells. The results of this study have demonstrated that high doses of selenium causes oxidative stress in yeasts, thereby increasing the process of lipid peroxidation. In addition, we obtained an increased level of GSSG from aqueous solutions of yeast biomass grown with selenium supplementation (40–60 mg/L). Increased levels of selenium in aqueous solutions resulted in an increase in the activity of antioxidant enzymes, including glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase. These results should encourage future research on the possibility of a thorough understanding of antioxidant system functioning in yeast cells.