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Forensic characteristics and phylogenetic structure of Eastern Chinese Han populations residing along the Yangtze Basin revealed by 19 autosomal STR loci

Tao, Ruiyang, Wang, Shouyu, Jin, Ming, Liu, Yanting, Zhang, Jiashuo, Zhang, Suhua, Li, Chengtao
Molecular biology reports 2019 v.46 no.2 pp. 2541-2546
Chinese people, basins, forensic sciences, genetic distance, genetic relationships, loci, microsatellite repeats, multidimensional scaling, phylogeny, China
In present study, forensic parameters based on the population data of nineteen autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) loci were estimated in Chinese Han populations from three riverfront areas of Yangtze Basin in Eastern China. The combined power of discrimination (CPD) were 0.9999999999999999999999883, 0.9999999999999999999999846 and 0.9999999999999999999999863, respectively. The combined power of exclusion (CPE) were 0.999999992248957, 0.999999989800400 and 0.999999989799819, respectively. Furthermore, the genetic relationships among our studied populations and 32 previously investigated populations residing in other areas of China were also analyzed based on pairwise genetic distances (FST). The multidimensional scaling (MDS) plot and phylogenetic tree indicated that our studied populations were majorly clustered with the Han populations along the Yangtze Basin and populations to the north of it. In summary, our results supported that the 19 autosomal STR loci, which were polymorphic and informative in forensic identification, could also be applied in population genetics studies.