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Over-expression of Hsp83 in grossly depleted hsrω lncRNA background causes synthetic lethality and l(2)gl phenocopy in Drosophila

Ray, Mukulika, Acharya, Sundaram, Shambhavi, Sakshi, Lakhotia, Subhash C
Journal of biosciences 2019 v.44 no.2 pp. 36
Drosophila, additive effect, brain, chromosomes, death, ganglia, gene expression regulation, gene overexpression, genes, heat shock proteins, heterozygosity, homozygosity, instars, larvae, messenger RNA, mutants, non-coding RNA, progeny, sequence analysis
We examined interactions between the 83 kDa heat-shock protein (Hsp83) and hsrω long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP homozygotes, which almost completely lack hsrω lncRNAs but over-express Hsp83. All +/+; hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP progeny died before the third instar. Rare Sp/CyO; hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP reached the third instar stage but phenocopied l(2)gl mutants, becoming progressively bulbous and transparent with enlarged brain and died after prolonged larval life. Additionally, ventral ganglia too were elongated. However, hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP/TM6B heterozygotes, carrying +/+ or Sp/CyO second chromosomes, developed normally. Total RNA sequencing (+/+, +/+; hsrω⁶⁶/hsrω⁶⁶, Sp/CyO; hsrω⁶⁶/hsrω⁶⁶, +/+; Hsp90GFP/Hsp90GFP and Sp/CyO; hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP/hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP late third instar larvae) revealed similar effects on many genes in hsrω⁶⁶ and Hsp90GFP homozygotes. Besides additive effect on many of them, numerous additional genes were affected in Sp/CyO; hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP larvae, with l(2)gl and several genes regulating the central nervous system being highly down-regulated in surviving Sp/CyO; hsrω⁶⁶ Hsp90GFP larvae, but not in hsrω⁶⁶ or Hsp90GFP single mutants. Hsp83 and several omega speckle-associated hnRNPs were bioinformatically found to potentially bind with these gene promoters and transcripts. Since Hsp83 and hnRNPs are also known to interact, elevated Hsp83 in an altered background of hnRNP distribution and dynamics, due to near absence of hsrω lncRNAs and omega speckles, can severely perturb regulatory circuits with unexpected consequences, including down-regulation of tumour-suppressor genes such as l(2)gl.