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Williams–Beuren syndrome in Mexican patients confirmed by FISH and assessed by aCGH

Ramírez-Velazco, Azubel, Aguayo-Orozco, Thania Alejandra, Figuera, Luis, Rivera, Horacio, Jave-Suárez, Luis, Aguilar-Lemarroy, Adriana, Torres-Reyes, Luis A., Córdova-Fletes, Carlos, Barros-Núñez, Patricio, Delgadillo-Pérez, Saturnino, Dávalos-Rodríguez, Ingrid Patricia, García-Ortiz, José Elías, Domínguez, María G.
Journal of genetics 2019 v.98 no.2 pp. 34
abnormal development, comparative genomic hybridization, fluorescence in situ hybridization, genes, patients, phenotype, point mutation
Williams–Beuren syndrome (WBS) has a prevalence of 1/7500–20000 live births and results principally from a de novo deletion in 7q11.23 with a length of 1.5 Mb or 1.8 Mb. This study aimed to determine the frequency of 7q11.23 deletion, size of the segment lost, and involved genes in 47 patients with a clinical diagnosis of WBS and analysed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); among them, 31 had the expected deletion. Micro-array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) confirmed the loss in all 18 positive-patients tested: 14 patients had a 1.5 Mb deletion with the same breakpoints at 7q11.23 (hg19: 72726578–74139390) and comprising 24 coding genes from TRIM50 to GTF2I. Four patients showed an atypical deletion: two had a 1.6 Mb loss encompassing 27 coding genes, from NSUN5 to GTF2IRD2; another had a 1.7 Mb deletion involving 27 coding genes, from POM121 to GTF2I; the remaining patient presented a deletion of 1.2 Mb that included 21 coding genes from POM121 to LIMK1. aCGH confirmed the lack of deletion in 5/16 negative-patients by FISH. All 47 patients had the characteristic facial phenotype of WBS and 45 of 47 had the typical behavioural and developmental abnormalities. Our observations further confirm that patients with a classical deletion present a typical WBS phenotype, whereas those with a high (criteria of the American Association of Pediatrics, APP) clinical score but lacking the expected deletion may harbour an ELN point mutation. Overall, the concomitant CNVs appeared to be incidental findings.