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A CdSe/ZnS quantum dot-based platform for the delivery of aluminum phthalocyanines to bacterial cells

Gvozdev, D.A., Maksimov, E.G., Strakhovskaya, M.G., Moysenovich, A.M., Ramonova, A.A., Moisenovich, M.M., Goryachev, S.N., Paschenko, V.Z., Rubin, A.B.
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2018 v.187 pp. 170-179
Gram-negative bacteria, aluminum, moieties, nanoparticles, optical properties, photochemotherapy, photosensitizing agents, polymers, quantum dots, spectral analysis, water solubility, zinc sulfide
Enhancement of optical properties of photosensitizers by additional light-harvesting antennas is promising for the improvement of the photodynamic therapy. However, large number of parameters determine interactions of nanoparticles and photosensitizers in complex and, thus the photodynamic efficacy of the hybrid structure. In order to achieve high efficiency of energetic coupling and photodynamic activity of such complexes it is important to know the location of the photosensitizer molecule on the nanoparticle, because it affects the spectral properties of the photosensitizer and the stability of the hybrid complex in vitro/in vivo. In this work complexes of polycationic aluminum phthalocyanines and CdSe/ZnS quantum dots were obtained. We used quantum dots which outer shell consists of polymer with carboxyl groups and provides water solubility and the negative charge of the nanoparticle. We found that phthalocyanine molecules could penetrate deeply into the polymer shell of quantum dot, leading thereby to significant changes in the spectral and photodynamic properties of phthalocyanines. We also showed that noncovalent interactions between phthalocyanine and quantum dot provide possibility for a release of the phthalocyanine from the hybrid complex and its binding to both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial cells. Also, detailed characterization of the nanoparticle core and shell sizes was carried out.