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ALPL regulates the aggressive potential of high grade serous ovarian cancer cells via a non-canonical WNT pathway

Luo, Mu, Zhou, Lin, Zhan, Shi-jie, Cheng, Li-juan, Li, Ruo-nan, wang, Hui, Liu, Bin, Linghu, Hua
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.513 no.2 pp. 528-533
animal ovaries, cell lines, cell movement, gene ontology, gene overexpression, genes, genetic disorders, histology, ligands, neoplasm cells, ovarian neoplasms, patients, small interfering RNA
The ALPL gene is linked to hypophosphatasia, a rare genetic disease. Owing to the inverse relationships between ALPL expression and both the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages and histological grades assigned to patients with serous ovarian cancer (SOC), this study was designed to explore the role and possible mechanisms of ALPL in cell motility of high grade SOC (HGSOC). The effects of ALPL overexpression on migration and invasion were detected in HGSOC cell lines SKOV3 and HEY. Gene ontology analysis for differential genes with ALPL overexpression identified several biological processes, including EMT, correlated with cell motility. Genes potentially implicated in EMT and associated with ALPL were screened using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The WNT receptor Frizzled2 (FZD2) was identified and its role in HGSOC cell motility and survival was investigated. It was found that forced expression of ALPL could inhibit migration, invasion, and EMT in HGSOC cells. It also reduced the expression of FZD2 and its ligand WNT5A, accompanied by suppressed expression of their downstream target phosphorylated-STAT3 (pSTAT3). These effects were initiated via the FZD2 knockdown using siRNA and reversed by recombinant WNT5A protein. The relationship between FZD2 expression and poor HGSOC patient survival was also investigated. This data supports that ALPL might restrict the function of WNT5A-FZD2-STAT3 axis, a non-canonical WNT pathway for promoting EMT progression, which results in attenuated migration and invasion in HGSOC cells and improves survival in patients with SOC.