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Mapping water and sediment connectivity

Cavalli, Marco, Vericat, Damià, Pereira, Paulo
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.673 pp. 763-767
landforms, models, quantitative analysis, runoff, sediments, watersheds
Connectivity has become a key issue in the study of processes acting in hydro-geomorphic systems and has strong implications on the understanding of their behaviour. Given the high complexity of hydro-geomorphic systems and the large variety of the processes controlling the efficiency of water and sediment transfer through a catchment, mapping hydrological and sediment connectivity is fundamental to understand the linkages between different parts of the system and the role played by system configuration, natural landforms and man-made structures in favouring or obstacolating the continuity of runoff and sediment pathways. Furthermore, the analysis of changes on connectivity through time can help to investigate the effect of both natural and anthropic disturbance on water and sediment fluxes and associated processes. This special issue aimed to shed light on the latest advances inmapping water and sediment connectivity by means of field measurements, modelling and geomorphometric approaches along with quantitative methods for the analysis of connectivity temporal evolution.The special issue is composed of twenty-one papers presenting a huge variety of topics dealing with hydrological and sediment connectivity and their changes through time in different geographical andclimatic regions of the world, at different spatial and temporal scales. This special issue highlights the importance of connectivity assessment to properly address sediment and water-related issues and to improve management strategies in hydro-geomorphic systems.