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Sargassum fusiforme fucoidan modifies the gut microbiota during alleviation of streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia in mice

Cheng, Yang, Sibusiso, Luthuli, Hou, Lingfeng, Jiang, Huijing, Chen, Peichao, Zhang, Xu, Wu, Mingjiang, Tong, Haibin
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.131 pp. 1162-1170
Sargassum fusiforme, animal disease models, aquatic invertebrates, bioactive properties, blood glucose, diabetes mellitus, diet, emaciation, feces, fucoidan, heart, hyperglycemia, intestinal microorganisms, liver, liver function, mice, oxidative stress, streptozotocin
Diabetes is a complicated endocrine and metabolic disorder, which has become an epidemic health issue worldwide. Fucoidan is extensively distributed in the brown algae and several marine invertebrates exhibiting diverse biological activities. In the present study, the physicochemical property of Sargassum fusiforme fucoidan (SFF) and its effects on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice and gut microbiota were investigated. Diabetes mice not only showed abnormal blood glucose, but also accompanied by multiple symptoms, such as gradual emaciation, decreased body weight, increased food and water intake. Compared with diabetic mice after 6-week treatment, administration of SFF significantly decreased the fasting blood glucose, diet and water intake. Furthermore, SFF attenuated the pathological change in the heart and liver, improved the liver function, and suppressed oxidative stress in STZ-induced diabetic mice. Simultaneously, SFF significantly altered the gut microbiota in the faeces of diabetic mice, decreased the relative abundances of the diabetes-related intestinal bacteria, which is a potential mechanism for relieving the symptoms of diabetes. Therefore, SFF might be considered as one of the promising complementary and alternative medicines for the management of diabetes mellitus in future.