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Huo Xue Tong Luo capsule ameliorates osteonecrosis of femoral head through inhibiting lncRNA-Miat

Fang, Bin, Li, Ying, Chen, Chen, Wei, Qiushi, Zheng, Jiaqian, Liu, Yamei, He, Wei, Lin, Dingkun, Li, Gang, Hou, Yonghui, Xu, Liangliang
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2019 v.238 pp. 111862
Angelica sinensis, Carthamus tinctorius, Ligusticum, Oriental traditional medicine, RNA, alizarin, bone formation, bone marrow, femur, genes, hips, histones, mesenchymal stromal cells, osteonecrosis, osteoporosis, pathogenesis, patients, peaches, promoter regions, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, rats, staining, surgery, transcription (genetics)
Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history of treating various bone diseases including osteoporosis and osteonecrosis etc. In clinical treatment, Huo Xue Tong Luo capsule (HXTL capsule) containing Peach kernel, Safflower carthamus, Angelica sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii etc, is one of the mostly used prescriptions for treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) with promising effects.This study aims to identify the underlying molecular mechanism of how HXTL capsule exerts its function to ameliorate ONFH.All femoral bone tissues were collected during surgeries. Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs) were used. Quantitative real time PCR was used to check the relative expression levels of genes. ChIP assay was performed to evaluate the binding of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in Miat promoter.We showed that HXTL capsule promoted osteogenesis in rat MSCs as demonstrated by quantitative real time PCR and Alizarin Red S staining. Then we found silencing the endogenous lncRNA-Miat could promote osteogenesis of rMSCs. In addition, the ChIP assay showed that HXTL capsule significantly increased occupancy of H3K27me3 and decreased H3K4me3 in promoter regions of Miat, meaning HXTL capsule inhibited Miat expression through histone modifications. At last, by examining the femoral heads samples obtained from patients with ONFH during total hip arthroplasty surgery, we found the RNA level of hMiat in necrotic tissue was much higher than that of normal tissue.Taken together, our study shows that lncRNA-Miat might play an important role in pathogenesis of ONFH, and HXTL capsule can promote osteogenesis to ameliorate ONFH through inhibiting the transcriptional expression of Miat, at least partially.