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Mosloflavone attenuates the quorum sensing controlled virulence phenotypes and biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1: In vitro, in vivo and in silico approach

Hnamte, Sairengpuii, Parasuraman, Paramanantham, Ranganathan, Sampathkumar, Ampasala, Dinakara Rao, Reddy, Dhanasekhar, Kumavath, Ranjith N., Suchiang, Kitlangki, Mohanty, Saswat Kumar, Busi, Siddhardha
Microbial pathogenesis 2019 v.131 pp. 128-134
Caenorhabditis elegans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, anti-infective agents, antibiotic resistance, bacterial infections, binding capacity, biocides, biofilm, chitinase, elastase, flavonoids, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, models, phenotype, pyocyanin, quorum sensing, regulatory proteins, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, virulence, virulent strains
Quorum sensing (QS) is the cell density dependent communication network which coordinates the production of pathogenic determinants in majority of pathogenic bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes hospital-acquired infections by virtue of its well-defined QS network. As the QS regulatory network in P. aeruginosa regulates the virulence determinants and antibiotic resistance, attenuating the QS system seems to be influential in developing next-generation anti-infective agents. In the current study, the QS attenuation potential of a flavonoid, mosloflavone was investigated against P. aeruginosa virulence and biofilm formation. Mosloflavone inhibited the pyocyanin production, LasB elastase and chitinase by 59.52 ± 2.74, 35.90 ± 4.34 and 61.18 ± 5.52% respectively. The QS regulated biofilm formation and development was also reduced when supplemented with sub-MIC of mosloflavone. The gene expression studies of mosloflavone using RT-PCR depicted its ability to down-regulate the expression levels of QS regulated virulence genes such as lasI (60.64%), lasR (91.70%), rhlI (57.30%), chiC (90.20%), rhlA (47.87%), rhlR (21.55%), lasB (37.80%), phzM (42.40%), toxA (61.00%), aprA (58.4%), exoS (78.01%), algD (46.60%) and pelA (50.45%). The down-regulation of QS virulence phenotypes by mosloflavone could be attributed to its binding affinity with the QS regulatory proteins, LasR and RhlR by competitively inhibiting the binding of natural autoinducers as evidenced from simulation studies. Mosloflavone also exhibited promising potential in controlling bacterial infection in Caenorhabditis elegans model system, in vivo. The anti-biofilm and anti-QS potential of mosloflavone in the current study illustrated the candidature of mosloflavone as a promising biocide.