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Effect of the optimized selective enrichment medium on the expression of the p60 protein used as Listeria monocytogenes antigen in specific sandwich ELISA

Etty, Marie-Christine, D'Auria, Sabato, Fraschini, Carole, Salmieri, Stephane, Lacroix, Monique
Research in microbiology 2019
Listeria monocytogenes, antigens, cell growth, culture media, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, glucose, monoclonal antibodies, peptides, Vermont
This paper presents the effects of the composition of different media (i.e., Tryptic soy broth (TSB), Brain heart infusion (BHI), Listeria enrichment broth (LEB), Fraser broth (FB) and University of Vermont medium (UVM)) on the detection of a short peptide fragment PepD specific to the p60 protein (p60) of L. monocytogenes by a monoclonal antibody (anti-PepD mAb). Expression of the p60 obtained was demonstrated to be proportional to the cellular growth of Listeria monocytogenes regardless of the tested growth medium. However, the early growth of L. monocytogenes and the expression of the p60 were negatively affected by the presence of selective agents present in LEB, FB and UVM. Among those three selective enrichment media commonly used for L. monocytogenes, LEB allowed a better expression of L. monocytogenes p60 after an incubation period of 18 h. Optimization of the LEB revealed that the dextrose concentration was the critical factor for improving the expression of p60 and promotes the early expression of p60. Moreover, an optimal dextrose concentration of 0.5% (w/v) in LEB, coupled with anti-PepD mAb immobilized to solid support, reduced the detection of p60 from 18 h to 9 h for an initial concentration of L. monocytogenes of 108 CFU/ml.