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Pyrolysis of wood sawdust: Effects of process parameters on products yield and characterization of products

Author:
Varma, Anil Kumar, Thakur, Lokendra Singh, Shankar, Ravi, Mondal, Prasenjit
Source:
Waste management 2019 v.89 pp. 224-235
ISSN:
0956-053X
Subject:
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, biochar, biofuels, biomass, boiling point, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, nitrogen, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, particle size, pyrolysis, sawdust, scanning electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopy, temperature, thermogravimetry, waste management, wood
Abstract:
The aim of present research was to study the pyrolysis of wood sawdust in a semi batch reactor and explored the influence of pyrolysis process parameters on the products yield. Pyrolysis process parameters such as temperature, heating rate, nitrogen (N2) flow rate and particle size of wood sawdust were varied as 350–650 °C, 10 and 50 °C/min, 50–200 cm3/min and <0.25 to >1.7 mm, respectively. The maximum bio-oil yield was found as 44.16 wt% at temperature of 500 °C, heating rate of 50 °C/min and nitrogen flow rate of 100 cm3/min for particle size range of 0.6 < dp < 1 mm. The composition and characteristics of bio-oil and bio-char were determined. Different methods such as ultimate analysis, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS), and Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR) were used to characterize bio-oil. Boiling point range of bio-oil was found in between 63 and 360 °C. Bio-char and original biomass were analyzed by physicochemical, thermogravimetric as well as analytical methods using sophisticated instruments such as Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), and X-ray diffractometer (XRD).
Agid:
6367114