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Structural characterization of centipede oligopeptides and capability detection in human small cell lung carcinoma: inducing apoptosis

Zhao, JingQuan, Yang, Jianmei, Hao, Zerui, An, Yulin, Zhang, Mingqiang, Liu, Jie, Ren, Rongrong, Lin, Dianjie
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.19 pp. 10927-10936
Scolopendra, apoptosis, caspases, cell lines, cytotoxicity, humans, lung neoplasms, membrane potential, metastasis, mitochondria, mitochondrial membrane, neoplasm cells, oligopeptides, prognosis
Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer deaths in the world, and smoking is considered as one of the major causes. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) represents a highly malignant and particularly aggressive form, with properties of widespread metastases and poor prognosis. Herein, twenty-five Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. Koch Oligopeptides (SSMOs) were isolated and their structures were identified, and the anti-proliferative activity against lung cancer cell lines was evaluated. Results showed that SSMO-5 induced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) markedly in NCI-H446 cells. Furthermore, SSMO-5 decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and enhanced the mitochondria-related apoptosis. These results demonstrate that in NCI-H446 cells, the apoptotic and cytotoxic effects of SSMO-5 are mediated by the intrinsic mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway, which in turn causes the activation of caspases and increases Bax expression, while decreases Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expressions and regulates the interaction of p53/MDM2. In conclusion, a ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway plays an important role in the process of SSMO-5-induced apoptosis against SCLC.