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Analysis of Symptom Development in Relation to Quantity of Rice stripe virus in Rice (Oryza sativa) to Simplify Evaluation of Resistance

Okuda, Mitsuru, Shiba, Takuya, Hirae, Masahiro, Masunaka, Akira, Takeshita, Minoru
Phytopathology 2019 v.109 no.4 pp. 701-707
Bacillus thuringiensis, Oryza sativa, RNA, Rice stripe virus, actin, coat proteins, disease severity, genes, leaves, pathogens, peptide elongation factors, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcription, rice, stems, East Asia
Rice stripe virus (RSV) is one of the most devastating pathogens of rice (Oryza sativa) in rice-growing regions of East Asia. We analyzed the increase in RSV accumulation in infected rice plants over time and evaluated the association between disease severity and RSV accumulation with the aim of establishing an experimental system for accurate and efficient evaluation of RSV resistance in rice. As an index of RSV accumulation in plants, relative concentration of RNA corresponding to the coat protein gene region was measured using reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Actin and elongation factor 1a were used as the host reference genes. RSV concentrations tended to increase with time from 7 to 28 days after inoculation, and a strong positive correlation was observed between the log RSV concentrations in the midsections of the uppermost leaves and in the stems at the first leaf sheath position. We analyzed RSV concentrations at these two locations 21 days after inoculation with RSV and assessed severity of disease symptoms based on a commonly used scale (Washio’s six-grade scale) rated as A (most severe), B, Bt, C, Cr, or D (mild symptoms). RSV concentrations at both locations were high in plants graded A, B, or Bt, with no significant difference in concentration of RSV among the three grades, but concentrations were significantly higher in the three grades compared with that in the plants in grade D. RSV concentrations were highly variable among plants in grades C and Cr. On the basis of these data, we propose a new formula to estimate the range of disease severities with greater ease and practical value. The values calculated by the new formula corresponded well to those based on Washio’s six-grade scale.