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Hybrid methodology for precipitation estimation using Hydro-Estimator over Brazil

Siqueira, Ricardo Almeida de, Vila, Daniel
International journal of remote sensing 2019 v.40 no.11 pp. 4244-4263
algorithms, climate, rain, rain gauges, remote sensing, satellites, Brazil
Rainfall measurement is a very important topic to society and for the understanding of the weather and climate, therefore needs to be calculated as accurately as possible. Counteracting the problem of the high temporal and spatial variability of precipitation, geostationary satellites sensors have been proved an excellent tool to this task, providing scans with high temporal resolution and detecting the growth and decay of rain cells. Using infra-red (IR) images obtained from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES), the Hydro-Estimator (HYDRO) algorithm produces instantaneous precipitation estimates with 30 min temporal resolution and 4 km spatial resolution with a very low latency compared with other more sophisticated methodologies (i.e. passive microwave-based algorithms). However, the IR algorithm has some limitations to estimate precipitation on some cloud systems. In order to overcome this problem, the main objective of this study is to develop a light and fast algorithm, based on the histogram matching (HM) technique, to combine the superior sampling and low latency of the HYDRO IR product with more accurate active microwave-based products over Brazil. The adjusted HYDRO (AHYDRO) product was validated against Brazil rain gauge network for two years (2016–2017) and the performance was assessed by using standard statistical metrics and categorical indices. Results show that the HM technique is able to minimize the large variability and discrepancies among HYDRO and observed precipitation over Brazil. At same time, is able to generate a better bias performance while maintaining the same correlation levels before the adjustment.