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Spatial-spectral neighbour graph for dimensionality reduction of hyperspectral image classification

Li, Dongqing, Wang, Xuesong, Cheng, Yuhu
International journal of remote sensing 2019 v.40 no.11 pp. 4361-4383
data collection, geometry, hyperspectral imagery, remote sensing, support vector machines
Recently, graph embedding-based methods have drawn increasing attention for dimensionality reduction (DR) of hyperspectral image (HSI) classification. Graph construction is a critical step for those DR methods. Pairwise similarity graph is generally employed to reflect the geometric structure in the original data. However, it ignores the similarity of neighbouring pixels. In order to further improve the classification performance, both spectral and spatial-contextual information should be taken into account in HSI classification. In this paper, a novel spatial-spectral neighbour graph (SSNG) is proposed for DR of HSI classification, which consists of the following four steps. First, a superpixel-based segmentation algorithm is adopted to divide HSI into many superpixels. Second, a novel distance metric is utilized to reflect the similarity of two spectral pixels in each superpixel. In the third step, a spatial-spectral neighbour graph is constructed according to the above distance metric. At last, support vector machine with a composite kernel (SVM-CK) is adopted to classify the dimensionality-reduced HSI. Experimental results on three real hyperspectral datasets demonstrate that our method can achieve higher classification accuracy with relatively less consumed time than other graph embedding-based methods.