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The in vitro behaviour of canine osteoblasts derived from different bone types

Meeson, Richard L., Perpétuo, Inês P., Parsons, Kevin, Orriss, Isabel R., Shah, Mittal, Pitsillides, Andrew A., Doube, Michael
BMC veterinary research 2019 v.15 no.1 pp. 114
alkaline phosphatase, bioactive properties, dogs, femur, humans, mineralization, osteoblasts, prostheses
BACKGROUND: Our understanding of the biology of osteoblasts is important as they underpin bone remodelling, fracture healing and processes such as osseointegration. Osteoblasts isolated from human humeral samples display distinctive biological activity in vitro, which relates to the samples’ bone types (subchondral (S), trabecular (T), cortical (C)). Our aim was to isolate primary osteoblast cultures from different bone types from the proximal femur of a clinical population of dogs presented for total hip replacement and compare the behaviour of the osteoblasts derived from different bone types, to identify a preferred bone type for isolation. RESULTS: No differences were found for osteoblast doubling time (median for S = 2.9, T = 3.1 and C = 2.71 days, respectively; p = 0.33), final cell number (median for S = 54,849, T = 49,733, C = 61,390 cells/cm²; p = 0.34) or basal tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) activity (median for S = 0.02, T = 0.02, C = 0.03 U/min/mg protein; p = 0.81) between bone types after 6 days of culture in basal media. There were no differences in mineralizing TNAP activity (S = 0.02, T = 0.02, C = 0.03 U/min/mg protein, p = 0.84) or in mineralized area (S = 0.05, T = 0.04, C = 0.04%, p = 0.92) among cells from different bone types. CONCLUSIONS: There is no significant difference in mean doubling time, basal or mineralizing TNAP activity or mineralized area in osteoblasts derived from subchondral, cortical, or trabecular bone types from the canine femoral head. However, there appears to be a high level of inter-animal variability in the studied parameters, which was independent of age, body mass, and sex. Trabecular isolate osteoblasts have the least variation of the bone types studied, and therefore should be considered a preferred source for primary osteoblast cultures. The work here provides baselines for canine osteoblast function, which has utility for future comparative studies.