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Effect of EDTA and NTA on cadmium distribution and translocation in Pennisetum purpureum Schum cv. Mott
- Tananonchai, Aekkacha, Sampanpanish, Pantawat, Chanpiwat, Penradee, Tancharakorn, Somchai, Sukkha, Usa
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.10 pp. 9851-9860
- Cenchrus purpureus, EDTA (chelating agent), atomic absorption spectrometry, cadmium, chelating agents, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, leaves, meristems, nitrilotriacetic acid, phytoremediation, roots, spectrometers, stems, xylem
- The primary objective of this research was to investigate the cadmium (Cd) distribution in Pennisetum purpurem (Napier grass) in the presence of 30 mg/L of Cd and different types and concentrations of chelating agents (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium dihydrate (EDTA), nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), and EDTA-NTA mixtures). Plant samples were collected every 15 d during a 105-d experimental period. Accumulation of Cd in each part of the plant was determined using atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS), and the distribution of Cd was determined by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (LA-ICP-MS) and synchrotron radiation micro X-ray fluorescence (SR-micro-XRF). The highest concentrations of Cd accumulation of 889 ± 53 mg kg⁻¹ in the underground part (roots) and 265 ± 26 mg kg⁻¹ in the aboveground part (stems and leaves) in the presence of 1:1 M ratio of Cd:EDTA after 30 d of exposure were observed. Plants grown in the presence of either NTA or EDTA-NTA mixtures showed significant lower Cd accumulation levels. The LA-ICP-MS analysis showed that Cd was primarily accumulated in the aboveground part (stems and leaves), especially in the xylem and intercalary meristem. In addition, translocation factor was very low. Thus, P. purpurem could be considered as a candidate plant for cadmium phytostabilization.