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A comparative study of trace elements in Cymodocea nodosa from three semi-enclosed coastal areas in Tunisia

Zakhama-Sraieb, Rym, Zribi, Imen, Mnasri, Intissar, Charfi-Cheikhrouha, Faouzia
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.10 pp. 10000-10012
Cymodocea nodosa, Halophila, cadmium, coasts, copper, lead, leaves, meadows, nickel, rhizomes, seagrasses, sediments, tissues, zinc, Mediterranean Sea, Tunisia
The present study quantifies the levels of five trace elements (TEs) Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Cd in the leaves and rhizomes of Cymodocea nodosa as well as the surficial sediments from three semi-enclosed coastal areas in Tunisia, in the south Mediterranean Sea. Samples were taken from the Bizerte and Ghar El Melh lagoons and from marina Cap Monastir. The TE ranking was found to be Zn > Cu > Pb > Ni > Cd in sediments and Zn > Cu = Ni = Pb = Cd in C. nodosa leaves and rhizomes. Except for Ni, levels of Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd significantly differed between the sites. Translocation factors (TFs) were > 1 for all trace elements proving the high capacity of C. nodosa to accumulate TEs in its above-ground tissues. Results show that marina Cap Monastir’s meadow exhibits higher TFs than the Bizerte and Ghar El Melh lagoons. This can be due to the presence of the non-indigenous species Halophila stipulacea. The present study highlights the need for further investigation on the effect of interspecific interaction on TE uptake by seagrasses.