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High Temperature Steam Gasification of Corn Straw Pellets in Downdraft Gasifier: Preparation of Hydrogen-Rich Gas

Pang, Yunji, Shen, Shengqiang, Chen, Yisheng
Waste and biomass valorization 2019 v.10 no.5 pp. 1333-1341
carbon, carbon monoxide, corn straw, gasification, hydrogen, steam, synthesis gas, temperature, thermodynamics
The main objective of this study is to investigate the characteristics of corn straw pellets conversion to syngas using a steam gasification process in downdraft gasifier. A lab scale gasifier was built to perform the gasification experiment. The effects of temperature and steam flow on the non-catalytic gasification process were investigated, and the variation rules of gasification indexes such as product component were summarized. Based on the principle of gasification thermodynamics, the reason of the rules is analyzed. The experimental results clearly indicate that hydrogen-rich gas can be prepared by using downdraft gasifier. When the temperature is above 750 °C, volume fraction of H₂ in product gas is higher than 50%, little variation with temperature is observed, while it can be increased significantly by increasing steam flow. The maximum H₂ content of 56.7% is obtained at steam flow of 1.2 kg/h, and the volume fraction of H₂ + CO can reach 94.62%, the range of LHV is 9 ~ 11 MJ/Nm³. At 950 °C, the gas yield and carbon conversion rate reach 2.06 Nm³ and 91.6%, respectively.