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Cationic polyacrylamides enhance rates of starch and cellulose saccharification
- Reye, John T., Maxwell, Kendra, Rao, Swati, Lu, Jian, Banerjee, Sujit
- Biotechnology letters 2009 v.31 no.10 pp. 1613-1616
- cellulose, corn starch, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, hydrolysis, saccharification, starch, wood fibers
- Adding a cationic polyacrylamide (c-PAM) to either the amylase mediated hydrolysis of corn starch or the hydrolysis of wood fiber by cellulase can enhance the initial hydrolysis rates, although a rate decrease can occur under some conditions. Several c-PAMs can serve as catalysts and the same c-PAM can improve the efficiency of both amylase and cellulase. The initial amylase rate approximately doubles; the analogous cellulase hydrolysis rate increases by about 40%. c-PAMs increase the binding of enzyme to substrate.