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Superhydrophobic Silica Aerogels Encapsulated Fluorescent Perovskite Quantum Dots for Reversible Sensing of SO₂ in a 3D-Printed Gas Cell

You, Xu, Wu, Junjie, Chi, Yuwu
Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.8 pp. 5058-5066
aerogels, fluorescence, humidity, hydrophobicity, light emitting diodes, optical properties, quantum dots, silica, solar cells, sulfur dioxide, wavelengths
Recently emerging perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) with several excellent optical properties, such as quantum efficiency, narrow band emission, and tunable emission wavelength, have promising applications in solar cells and light emitting diodes. However, relatively rare applications of PQDs can be found in the field of sensing, mainly due to the very easy degradation of PQDs upon exposure to water or ambient humidity. In this work, for the first time CH₃NH₃PbBr₃ PQDs were encapsulated into superhydrophobic silica aerogels (AGs) to protect PQDs from being degraded by water. The synthesized PQDs@AGs not only maintain the strong fluorescence emission activity of PQDs but also show excellent stability in the presence of water. Additionally, PQDs@AGs have abundant pores making them very suitable for gas sensing. For improving sensing performances, 3D-printing technology is introduced into gas cell design and fabrication for the first time. Finally, a novel, sensitive, selective, and reversible fluorescence sensor for SO₂ gas based on the PQDs@AGs functional material and the 3D-printed gas cell has been developed.