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Controllable Transformation of Aligned ZnO Nanorods to ZIF-8 as Solid-Phase Microextraction Coatings with Tunable Porosity, Polarity, and Conductivity

Zeng, Jingbin, Li, Yulong, Zheng, Xiaofu, Li, Zizhou, Zeng, Teng, Duan, Wei, Li, Qing, Shang, Xiao, Dong, Bin
Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.8 pp. 5091-5097
adsorption, coatings, drugs, nanorods, non-polar compounds, phenols, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, porosity, solid phase microextraction, surface area, zinc, zinc oxide
While a growing number of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coatings have been developed, a generalized protocol is still needed to tailor-make SPME coatings with desirable properties for efficient extraction of diverse analytes from sample matrixes. In this work, we developed a versatile approach to prepare SPME coatings with tunable properties by controllable in situ transformation of well-aligned ZNRs into zeolitic imidazolate frameworks-8 (ZIF-8) via reaction with 2-methylimidazole (2-MI). During this process, ZNRs supplied Zn²⁺ and served as a “hard template” for the in situ growth of well-aligned ZIF-8 with enhanced surface area for adsorption. Because ZNRs and ZIF-8 exhibit markedly different properties, we obtained a series of ZNRs/ZIF-8 hybrid composites, whose morphology, porosity, polarity, and charge transfer resistance can be fine-tuned by simply controlling the concentration of 2-MI. Preparing ZNRs/ZIF-8 SPME coatings with desired properties enabled effective extraction of a wide range of polar and nonpolar compounds including aliphatic hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, anilines, and ionic drugs.