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Reduction of Interferences Using Fe-Containing Metal–Organic Frameworks for Matrix Separation and Enhanced Photochemical Vapor Generation of Trace Bismuth

Jia, Yutao, Mou, Qing, Yu, Ying, Shi, Zeming, Huang, Yi, Ni, Shijun, Wang, Ruilin, Gao, Ying
Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.8 pp. 5217-5224
absorbents, alloys, atomic absorption spectrometry, bismuth, cobalt, coordination compounds, copper, detection limit, ions, iron, models, nickel, photocatalysis, photocatalysts, sediments, soil, vapors
Photochemical vapor generation (PVG) has emerged as a promising sample introduction method for atomic spectrometry in recent years. Despite its great success, a major impediment for the wide application of PVG is the interferences from the coexisting ions, especially transition-metal ions. In this work, iron and 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic (Fe-BTC), a Fe-containing metal–organic framework (MOF) material, was synthesized and first used as a platform integrating the sample matrix separation, preconcentration, and photocatalysis for the highly selective determination of elements by PVG. Bismuth was selected as a model analyte. Fe-BTC served not only as the photocatalyst for the PVG of Bi³⁺ but also as an efficient absorbent for the separation of analytes from the sample matrix. Compared with the previous PVG system, the performance of tolerating interferences toward coexisting ions of the proposed method has been greatly improved after using Fe-BTC-based matrix separation. Thus the excess of 10 mg L–¹ of Co²⁺ and 100 mg L–¹ of Cu²⁺, Ni²⁺, and Fe³⁺ caused no obvious interferences for 1 μg L–¹ of Bi determination. Under the optimal conditions, the limit of detection (LOD, 3σ) of the developed method was 0.3 ng L–¹ with the inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (ICPMS) measurement, which could be lowered down to 0.04 ng L–¹ after ten times of preconcentration with Fe-BTC prior to analysis. This method was successfully applied for the analysis of Bi in complicated sample matrices of soil (GBW07401), sediment (GBW07310), nickel–iron alloy (GBW01622), and nickel alloys (GBW01641) by the external calibration method.