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Ionic Liquid Pretreatment in Tandem with Recombinant Agarase Cocktail Saccharification of Gelidium amansii for d-Galactose and 3,6-Anhydro-l-Galactose Production

Weldemhret, Teklebrahan G., Nisola, Grace M., Valdehuesa, Kris Niño G., Lee, Won-Keun, Ramos, Kristine Rose M., Chung, Wook-Jin
ACS sustainable chemistry & engineering 2019 v.7 no.8 pp. 7563-7571
Gelidium, beta-agarase, biomass, enzymatic hydrolysis, galactose, hydrolysis, ionic liquids, macroalgae, market prices, methanol, saccharification
d-Galactose (d-Gal) and 3,6-Anhydro-l-galactose (3,6-l-AHG) are valuable sugars that can be derived from Gelidium amansii. Herein, ionic liquid (IL) pretreatment was used to deconstruct the cell wall of G. amansii without producing any side-products from sugar degradation. It is combined with enzymatic saccharification using recombinant agarases to effectively produce d-Gal and 3,6-l-AHG from IL-treated G. amansii. ILs were screened for the biomass pretreatment as well as the antisolvents for dissolved biomass retrieval from the IL. [Bmim]Ac is the most effective solvent (99% dissolution) and methanol as antisolvent (78% reconstituted G. amansii). Using simplex-centroid design, the optimal loading of three β-agarases: Aga2, AgaA7, and Aga50D for the first hydrolysis was determined to be at equal fractions (0.33). Addition of α-neoagarobiose hydrolase AhgI finally produced maximum yields of 56.5% for d-Gal and 33.7% for 3,6-l-AHG. Given the industrial importance of d-Gal and the high market price of 3,6-l-AHG, results demonstrate the potential of combined IL pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis using recombinant agarases as a green process for sugar production from red macroalgae.