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Dietary selenium supplementation alleviates immune toxicity in the hearts of chickens with lead-added drinking water

Huang, He, Jiao, Xiaoyan, Xu, Yanmin, Han, Qi, Jiao, Wanying, Liu, Yanyan, Li, Shu, Teng, Xiaohua
Avian pathology 2019 v.48 no.3 pp. 230-237
chickens, dietary supplements, drinking water, gene expression, heart, heat shock proteins, inducible nitric oxide synthase, interferon-gamma, interleukin-17, interleukin-2, interleukin-4, interleukin-6, lead, lead acetate, lead poisoning, males, messenger RNA, nitric oxide, pollutants, protein synthesis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, selenium, sodium selenite, toxicity
Lead (Pb) is an environmental pollutant and can damage organisms. Selenium (Se) can alleviate Pb poisoning. The present study aimed to investigate the alleviative effect of Se on Pb-induced immune toxicity in chicken hearts. One-hundred-and-eighty Hy-line male chickens were randomly divided into four groups at 7 days of age. The control group was offered a standard commercial diet (SD) and drinking water (DW); the Se group was offered SD supplemented with sodium selenite (SeSD) and DW; the Pb + Se group was offered SeSD and DW supplemented with lead acetate (PbDW); and the Pb group was offered SD and PbDW. Relative mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukins (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12β, IL-17 and IFN-γ), and heat shock proteins (HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90) were determined by means of quantitative real-time PCR. Relative protein expression of iNOS, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90 was assessed, as well as nitric oxide (NO) content and iNOS activity in heart tissue. The results indicated a down-regulation of interleukin (IL)-2 and IFN-γ and an up-regulation of NO, iNOS, interleukins (IL-4, IL-6, IL-12β, IL-17), and heat shock proteins (HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90) in Pb-damaged hearts. Se alleviated all of the above Pb-induced changes. There were time-dependent effects on NO content, iNOS activity, and mRNA levels of iNOS, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-17, HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90 after Pb treatment in the chicken hearts. Se alleviated Pb-induced immune toxicity in the chicken hearts.