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Tolerance Mechanisms to Copper and Zinc Excess in Rhizophora mucronata Lam. Seedlings Involve Cell Wall Sequestration and Limited Translocation

Torasa, Supakson, Boonyarat, Pimpakan, Phongdara, Amornrat, Buapet, Pimchanok
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2019 v.102 no.4 pp. 573-580
Rhizophora mucronata, cell walls, copper, enzyme activity, habitats, heavy metals, leaves, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, peroxidase, photosynthesis, physiological response, pollution, reactive oxygen species, roots, seedlings, superoxide dismutase, thiols, zinc
Rhizophora mucronata is a common mangrove growing in habitats subjected to heavy metal (HM) contamination. Understanding their physiological responses to copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) excess and underlying tolerance mechanisms is crucial to assess impacts of metal pollution on mangrove community. Seedlings were treated with Cu or Zn (0, 50 or 100 mg per plant) by means of a single addition. At day 3 and 7, Cu and Zn accumulation, photosynthetic efficiency, superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activity, non-protein thiols, reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation in roots and leaves were measured. R. mucronata restricted Cu and Zn translocation, thus accumulated HM mainly in roots while kept the leaves unaffected. However, high root HM did not induce oxidative stress nor anti-oxidative defense as HM were largely deposited in cell wall. We concluded that HM tolerance strategies of R. mucronata seedlings are exclusion and restriction of translocation to the vital photosynthetic tissue.