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Detection of non‐small cell lung cancer cells based on microfluidic polarization microscopic image analysis
- Wang, Yanjuan, Wang, Junsheng, Meng, Jie, Ding, Gege, Shi, Zhi, Wang, Ruoyu, Zhang, Xiaohui
- Electrophoresis 2019 v.40 no.8 pp. 1202-1211
- algorithms, artificial intelligence, early diagnosis, electrophoresis, fibroblasts, image analysis, lung neoplasms, neoplasm cells, polarized light microscopy, regression analysis
- In early diagnosis of lung cancer, a polarization microscopy is a powerful tool to obtain the optical information of biological tissues. In this paper, a new microfluidic polarization imaging and analysis method was proposed for the detection and classification of cancer‐associated fibroblasts and the two kinds of non‐small cell lung cancer cells, A549 and H322. A polarizing microscopy system was constructed based on a commercial microscope to obtain 3*3 Mueller matrix of cells. Based on the Muller matrix decomposition algorithm and analysis in spatial domain and frequency domain, appropriate classification parameters were selected for the characterization of different polarization characteristics of cells. Finally, the logistic regression models based on machine learning were applied to determine optimal feature parameters and classify cells. This method integrated the morphological information of the cells, and the polarization characteristics of the cells in different polarization states. It is for the first time that the polarization microscopic image analysis method has been applied to the detection and classification of non‐small cell lung cancer cells. The results show that the presented microfluidic polarization microscopic image analysis method could classify cells effectively. Compared with the Muller matrix measurement and calculation methods, the method proposed in this paper was greatly simplified in both the acquisition of polarized images and the analysis and processing of polarized images.