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Solid phase extraction of carbamate pesticides with porous organic polymer as adsorbent followed by high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection

Wang, Xiaolan, Meng, Xufeng, Wu, Qiuhua, Wang, Chun, Wang, Zhi
Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1600 pp. 9-16
adsorbents, adsorption, adverse effects, carbaryl, desorption, detection limit, diethofencarb, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, high performance liquid chromatography, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobicity, insecticides, juices, milk, pH, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polymers, solid phase extraction, white wines
A solid phase extraction (SPE) method with a porous organic polymer as adsorbent was established for the extraction of five carbamate pesticides (metolcarb, carbaryl, isoprocarb, bassa and diethofencarb) from milk, white wine and juice samples prior to high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection. The main factors affecting the SPE were optimized, including sample volume, sample loading rate, sample solution pH, desorption conditions and cartridge reusability. Under the optimal conditions, a good linearity existed in the range from 1.0 to 320.0 ng mL−1 for milk and white wine samples and from 0.5 to 160.0 ng mL−1 for juice sample with the correlation coefficients between 0.9956 and 0.9998. The method recoveries of the carbamates were 82.0%–110.0%. The limits of detection were 0.12-0.40 ng mL-1 for milk and white wine samples, and 0.06-0.20 ng mL−1 for juice sample. The adsorption mechanism of the adsorbent was investigated by the extraction of different types of organic compounds (carbamates, benzoylurea insecticides, endocrine disrupting chemicals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) with the adsorbent. The results showed that the existence of the hydrogen-bonding between the adsorbent and the analytes is favorable for the adsorption and strong hydrophobicity seems to have an adverse effect.