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Bioaccumulation and human health implications of essential and toxic metals in freshwater products of Northeast China

Fu, Lei, Lu, Xianbo, Niu, Kai, Tan, Jun, Chen, Jiping
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.673 pp. 768-776
arsenic, bioaccumulation, cadmium, carcinogenicity, chromium, copper, fish, freshwater, health effects assessments, human health, humans, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, methylmercury compounds, nickel, pollution, risk, t-test, zinc, China
Bioaccumulation and human health risks of essential and toxic metals in ten species of freshwater products from Northeast China were investigated in this study. The concentrations (mg/kg wet weight) of target metals in aquatic products were: Fe (4.6–165.4), Zn (4.1–33.4), Mn (0.28–80.0), Cu (0.24–15.8), Cr (0.074–0.80), As (0.0068–0.72), Hg (0.016–0.58), Ni (0.019–0.58), Pb (0.017–0.27) and Cd (0.0004–0.058). There was no significant regional difference of target metal levels in fish samples between Liaoning province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region according to matched sample t-test. Every daily intakes (EDI) of target metals from freshwater products were far below their corresponding limits. However, health risk assessment of individual metal in freshwater products showed methyl mercury (MeHg) and Mn could pose potential noncarcinogenic risk to human, and inorganic arsenic (iAs) would cause potential carcinogenic risk to consumers at the level of 1 in 100,000. Furthermore, freshwater product species-specific bioaccumulation characteristics for different metals are quite different. The total hazard quotients of target metals in different aquatic product species demonstrated that co-exposure of target metals by consumption of these six species (C. auratus, E. sinensis, C. erythropterus, C. carpio, M. anguillicaudatus and O. cantor) from Northeast China could cause potential noncarcinogenic risk to human, and the pollution of toxic metals in E. sinensis and C. auratus were most serious among all investigated aquatic species.