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Slaughter weight rather than sex affects carcass cuts and tissue composition of Bisaro pigs

Álvarez-Rodríguez, Javier, Teixeira, Alfredo
Meat science 2019 v.154 pp. 54-60
adipose tissue, backfat, dressing percentage, fat thickness, gilts, males, rearing, shrinkage, slaughter, slaughter weight
Carcass cuts and tissue composition were assessed in Bisaro pigs (n = 64) from two sexes (31 gilts and 33 entire males) reared until three target slaughter body-weights (BW) means: 17 kg, 32 kg, and 79 kg. Dressing percentage and backfat thickness increased whereas carcass shrinkage decreased with increasing BW. Slaughter weight affected most of the carcass cut proportions, except shoulder and thoracic regions. Bone proportion decreased linearly with increasing slaughter BW, while intermuscular and subcutaneous adipose tissue depots increased concomitantly. Slaughter weight increased the subcutaneous adipose tissue proportion but this impaired intramuscular and intermuscular adipose tissues in the loin primal. The sex of the pigs minimally affected the carcass composition, as only the belly weight and the subcutaneous adipose tissue proportions were greater in gilts than in entire males. Light pigs regardless of sex are recommended to balance the trade-offs between carcass cuts and their non-edible compositional outcomes.