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Cyanogenesis in Lotus and Trifolium species

Author:
Blaim, Halina, Nowacki, Edmunt
ISSN:
2300-357X
Subject:
Lotus corniculatus, Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium repens, breeding, cyanogenesis, loins, toxic substances
Abstract:
The occurrence of cyanogenic plants was determined in 48 Trifolium species, 12 Lotus species, in wild population as well as in varieties of T. repens L. and Loins corniculatus L. species. In the genus Trifolium only T. nigrescens Viv. proved to be high-cyanogenic, all the remaining species are acyanogenic or low-cyanogenic. In the T. repens species varieties and wild populations include an insignificant per cent of cyanogenic plants.The genus Lotus comprises both high-cyanogenic and acyanogenic species. In the L. corniculatus species varieties include much more high-cyanogenic plants than do wild populations. It seems that in L. corniculatus the breeding went in a wrong direction, because of lack of plant selection regarding the presence of toxic compounds.
Agid:
6375739