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The richness of plants in Art Nouveau gardens

Pudelska, Krystyna, Mirosław, Anna
Acta agrobotanica 2015 v.68 no.2 pp. 99-108
Iris (Iridaceae), Lilium, Phlox, Rosa, asymmetry, color, fauna, flora, gardens, perennials, shrubs, species diversity, England, Italy, Poland
The turn of the 19th and the 20th centuries signified the appearance of a new trend in art called Art Nouveau in England, Stile floreale in Italy, and in Poland – secesja. It was an attempt to escape from the style that copied historical forms and set a new direction of development. The main inspiration for the creators of this period became nature, its asymmetry, variety of textures, subtle colors or smooth, and wavy lines. Artistic motifs were drawn from the richness of native flora and fauna. Flowering shrubs, perennials and creepers were especially inseparable decorative and compositional elements of a garden. Secession had a significant impact on painting, sculpture, architecture, and garden design. The space surrounding people was treated comprehensively by blurring the boundaries between different arts. A multitude of shrubs – especially roses and lots of perennials such as Lilium, Iris, and Phlox, gave the impression of architecture immersing in the surrounding garden.The aim of the paper was to briefly analyze the Art Nouveau style and present the diversity of species used in the gardens of that period.