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A sex pheromone‐baited trapping system for management of sweetpotato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Coleoptera: Brentidae)

Dilipkumar, Masilamany, Erwan‐Shah, Shari, Anuar, Abdullah, Sivapragasam, Annamalai
Journal of applied entomology 2019 v.143 no.4 pp. 408-416
Curculionidae, Cylas formicarius elegantulus, bait traps, canopy, color, cost effectiveness, crop damage, detergents, growers, leaves, males, monitoring, pheromone traps, polyethylene terephthalates, sex pheromones, sweet potatoes, trapping, Malaysia
A potent male attractant of sweetpotato weevil helps in monitoring and control of sweetpotato weevil in many production areas around the world. At present, it has not been used in Malaysia. Cost of the components of a trapping system is a major constraint in the adoption of male lure‐baited trapping by growers in Malaysia. Seven field trapping experiments were conducted from February 2013 to November 2015 as part of an effort to develop a simple, easy to construct, cost‐effective and efficient sex pheromone‐baited trap acceptable for use by farmers in Malaysia for monitoring and control of sweetpotato weevil (Cylas formicarius Fabricius). Overall, sweetpotato weevil trap catch was significantly affected by the number of windows in the trap, the killing agent used in the trap and the position of the trap relative to sweetpotato foliage, while trap size and trap colour did not significantly affect trap catch. Trap catch was best in plastic pole traps made from polyethylene terephthalate, with four window opening to facilitate weevil entry, with detergent solution as a killing agent and with the trap positioned from 0 to 40 cm above the crop canopy level. In a comparison study with commercial trap designs, sex pheromone‐baited plastic pole traps caught 60%–78% more weevils than were caught in sex pheromone‐baited delta traps, wing traps or unitraps. Optimization of trap characteristics is important for improving the performance of pheromone‐baited traps for use in population monitoring or mass‐trapping efforts to minimize crop damage by sweetpotato weevil infestation.