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Evaluation of attractants and traps for monitoring small banded pine weevil Pissodes castaneus
- Skrzecz, Iwona, Wolski, Robert, Sowinska, Alicja, Raczko, Jerzy, Janiszewski, Wojciech, Kuzminski, Robert
- Journal of applied entomology 2019 v.143 no.4 pp. 397-407
- Hylobius abietis, Pinus sylvestris, Pissodes castaneus, alpha-pinene, attractants, environmental factors, ethanol, field experimentation, forests, insects, integrated pest management, monitoring, olfactometry, pests, pheromones, trapping
- This study aimed to develop a semiochemical‐baited trapping system to monitor the populations of small banded pine weevil, Pissodes castaneus, a serious pest in Pinus sylvestris young stands that are weakened by biotic and abiotic factors. The scope of the work included the development of a dispenser for compounds (ethanol and α‐pinene) emitted by P. sylvestris and the pheromones of P. castaneus: grandisol and grandisal. Additionally, the effectiveness of beetle catches in different types of traps (unitrap, cross‐unitrap and long and short pipe traps) baited with a dispenser was assessed. The olfactometric studies showed that most of the newly hatched beetles that had not fed were attracted by a mixture of grandisol and grandisal. However, in the group of feeding beetles, half were attracted by a mixture of ethanol and α‐pinene. These results indicated that both pheromones and α‐pinene plus ethanol should be useful for capturing P. castaneus beetles. In the field trials, the highest efficiency was found in baited unitraps that caught up to several hundred P. castaneus beetles, while the baited cross‐unitraps caught up to a few dozen beetles. No insects were found in either type of baited pipe trap or in any of the unbaited control traps. The baited unitraps and cross‐unitraps also collected, with varied intensity, Hylobius abietis beetles, a serious pest of reforestations. These results indicate the possibility of using a unitrap baited with a 4‐component attractant for monitoring P. castaneus in integrated pest management for the protection of young forests.