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Improved in Vivo Tracking of Orally Administered Collagen Hydrolysate Using Stable Isotope Labeling and LC–MS Techniques

Taga, Yuki, Iwasaki, Yu, Shigemura, Yasutaka, Mizuno, Kazunori
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2019 v.67 no.16 pp. 4671-4678
acid hydrolysis, bioavailability, blood, collagen, dipeptides, enzymatic hydrolysis, enzymatic treatment, hydrolysates, hydroxyproline, isotope labeling, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, metabolism, monitoring, oral administration, protein intake, proteinases, stable isotopes, urine
Collagen-derived hydroxyproline (Hyp)-containing oligopeptides, known to have various physiological functions, are detected in blood at markedly higher concentrations after oral ingestion of collagen hydrolysate. Monitoring the absorption and metabolism of the bioactive peptides is essential to investigate the beneficial effects of collagen hydrolysate. We previously developed an internal standard mixture by sequential protease digestion of stable isotope-labeled collagen, which enabled highly accurate quantitation of collagen-derived oligopeptides by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS). However, the use of proteases caused a profound imbalance in the generated peptides. Here, we employed partial acid hydrolysis to achieve more efficient and balanced peptide generation. Various stable isotope-labeled oligopeptides were detected after 0.5 h acid hydrolysis, and marked enhancement of peptide generation compared with the previous enzymatic method was observed, especially for Hyp-Gly (27.8 ± 0.6 ng/μg vs 0.231 ± 0.02 ng/μg). The acid hydrolysate was then heated to generate labeled cyclic dipeptides. Using the novel internal standard mixture in LC–MS, we were able to simultaneously quantitate 23 collagen-derived oligopeptides in human plasma and urine after oral administration of collagen hydrolysate.