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Ratiometric Nanoparticle Array-Based Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probes for Quantitative Protein Sensing

Wang, Xiaohan, Zhao, Xiaotao, Zheng, Kai, Guo, Xuhong, Yan, Yunfeng, Xu, Yisheng
Langmuir 2019 v.35 no.16 pp. 5599-5607
adsorption, biomarkers, calorimetry, enzyme activity, fluorescent dyes, magnetism, nanoparticles, near-infrared spectroscopy, proteins, titration
Quantitative detection of protein biomarkers is crucial to medical diagnosis. Fluorescent probes have been frequently used for protein detection, but they suffered from various weaknesses such as lack of versatility. In particular, most of the reported probes were not capable of simultaneous qualitative and quantitative detection for various proteins. In this paper, we developed novel nanoparticle array-based near-infrared (NIR) ratiometric probes for potent protein analysis, in which the specific protein was able to be distinguished and quantitated within a group of 11 common proteins. The activity of β-galactosidases (β-gal) was temporarily inhibited by the adsorption to magnetic nanoparticles and restored to certain content by replacement with detected proteins, leading to distinctive readout of the enzyme-activatable NIR probe (DCM-β-gal). The readout of the sensor array against 11 proteins, as verified by isothermal titration calorimetry, was processed and transformed into canonical factors with the help of linear discrimination analysis. Moreover, the ratiometric signals of DCM-β-gal were translated to quantitatively detect proteins within the concentration range of 0–100 μg/mL. Based on clear differentiation within both two-dimensional and three-dimensional plots, different proteins could be detected with 100% accuracy with their concentration simultaneously determined, which endowed the sensing system with great potential in clinical diagnosis.