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Metalophilic Gel Polymer Electrolyte for in Situ Tailoring Cathode/Electrolyte Interface of High-Nickel Oxide Cathodes in Quasi-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries

Sun, Yan-Yun, Wang, Yang-Yang, Li, Guo-Ran, Liu, Sheng, Gao, Xue-Ping
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.16 pp. 14830-14839
cathodes, cations, corrosion, crystallites, energy, gels, lithium batteries, microparticles, oxides, polymers, reticulum, sodium alginate, temperature
High-Ni layered oxides are potential cathodes for high energy Li-ion batteries due to their large specific capacity advantage. However, the fast capacity fade by undesirable structural degradation in liquid electrolyte during long-term cycling is a stumbling block for the commercial application of high-Ni oxides. In this work, a functional gel polymer electrolyte, grafted with sodium alginate, is introduced to increase the stability of high-Ni oxide cathodes at the levels of both the particle and electrode. An in situ generated ion-conducting layer appears on the interface through the chemical interaction between transition-metal cations of the cathode and the metalophilic reticulum group in sodium alginate. Such a tailoring layer can not only enhance the interfacial compatibility on the cathode/electrolyte interface, reducing the interfacial resistance, but also inhibit the HF corrosion, suppressing the dissolution of transition-metal cations and harmful gradient distribution of components through the oxide cathode at the electrode level. Meanwhile, detrimental microcracks in oxide microspheres and between primary crystallites are impressively inhibited at the particle level. The high-Ni oxide cathode with the metalophilic gel polymer electrolyte shows excellent cycle stability with large initial capacity of 204.9 mA h g–¹ at a 1.0C rate and high discharge capacity retention within 300 cycles at high temperature.