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A novel extended phase correlation algorithm based on Log-Gabor filtering for multimodal remote sensing image registration

Xie, Xunwei, Zhang, Yongjun, Ling, Xiao, Wang, Xiang
International journal of remote sensing 2019 v.40 no.14 pp. 5429-5453
algorithms, filters, geometry, image analysis, models, radiometry, remote sensing
Automatic registration of multimodal remote sensing images, which is a critical prerequisite in a range of applications (e.g. image fusion, image mosaic, and image analysis), continues to be a fundamental and challenging problem. In this paper, we propose a novel extended phase correlation algorithm based on Log-Gabor filtering (LGEPC) for the registration of images with nonlinear radiometric differences and geometric differences (e.g. rotation, scale, and translation). Our algorithm focuses on two problems that the traditional extended phase correlation algorithms cannot well handle: 1) significant nonlinear radiometric differences and 2) large-scale differences between image pairs. After an over-complete multi-scale atlas space of the original image is built based on the filtered magnitudes obtained by using Log-Gabor filters with different central frequencies, the phase correlation of the single scale images is extended by LGEPC to atlases phase correlation, which is conducive to solving the problem of large scale and rotation differences between the image pairs. Subsequently, LGEPC eliminates the interface of the significant nonlinear radiometric differences by superimposing multi-scale geometric structural spectra and carrying out the phase correlation module, so that the translation can be well determined. Our experiments on synthetic images demonstrated the rationality and effectiveness of LGEPC, and the experiments on a variety of multimodal images confirmed that LGEPC can ideally achieve pixel-wise registration accuracy for multimodal image pairs that conform to the similarity transformation model.