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Molecular confirmation of Henneguya adiposa (Cnidaria: Myxozoa) and associated histologic changes in adipose fins of channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Teleost)
- Stilwell, Justin M., Camus, Alvin C., Leary, John H., Mohammed, Haitham H., Griffin, Matt J.
- Parasitology research 2019 v.118 no.5 pp. 1639-1645
- Henneguya, Ictalurus punctatus, fins, genes, histology, inflammation, morbidity, mortality, parasites, parasitism, ribosomal RNA
- Henneguya adiposa is one of ten known, closely related myxozoan species that parasitize a variety of tissue sites in the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Reported to specifically target the adipose fin, H. adiposa is not associated with morbidity or mortality, although detailed descriptions of its associated histologic pathology are lacking. The objective of this work was to confirm the presence of H. adiposa within fin lesions of affected channel catfish using DNA sequenced from histologic sections obtained by laser capture microdissection, as well as to describe pathologic changes induced by infection. The parasite formed large, white, elongate, nodular plasmodia that caused localized tissue damage and incited a granulomatous inflammatory response within a deep connective tissue layer at the base of the adipose fin. Myxospores released from ruptured plasmodia into adjacent tissue were observed to migrate superficially in tracts through the skin, indicating a portal of exit for environmental dispersal. Defects in the connective tissue layer created by ruptured plasmodia were infiltrated by granulomatous inflammation and fibroplasia, suggesting lesion resolution by scar formation over time. Sequencing of the 18S rRNA gene amplified from excised myxospores confirmed the myxozoan’s identity as H. adiposa, with 100% similarity to the reference sequence from previous published work.