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Glycerol-mediated synthesis of nanoscale zerovalent iron and its application for the simultaneous reduction of nitrate and alachlor

Ghosh, Ananya, Meshram, Nilesh Kumar, Saha, Rajnarayan
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.12 pp. 11951-11961
X-ray diffraction, alachlor, coatings, glycerol, groundwater contamination, ions, iron, iron oxides, nanoparticles, nitrates, pH, remediation, solvents
NZVI has long been used for the remediation of different groundwater contaminants but their tendency to get oxidized easily has always been a barrier to their reductive ability. In this work, we have made an attempt to enhance the aerobic stability of the nanoparticles by synthesizing them in a medium consisting of a viscous solvent, glycerol, and water. The XRD analysis of the nanoparticles reveals that the particles prepared in the presence of glycerol have a very thin coating of iron oxides on the outer surface of the nanoparticles in comparison with those prepared in the aqueous medium. These nanoparticles were applied for the simultaneous reduction of two groundwater contaminants, nitrate ions, and alachlor, which is an herbicide. Stock solutions of these two contaminants were prepared and then they were mixed in varying amounts and were treated by different doses of the nanoparticle. The optimized dose of the nanoparticles obtained for almost 97% removal of both the contaminants is 2.05 g/L. The studies showed that increasing the concentration of either of the contaminants while the other one was kept fixed led to a decrease in the removal efficiency. The studies conducted to see the effect of pH variation showed that the best removal can be achieved when the pH is 3 or even less than it, showing that acidic pH leads to higher removal values. Such nanoparticles which can be prepared easily at low-cost and can simultaneously act upon different contaminants are highly desired.