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Phosphorus recovery from freeze-microwave pretreated sludge supernatant by phosphate sedimentation

Chang, Xiao, Zeng, Wei, Li, Ning, Li, Shuaishuai, Peng, Yongzhen
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.13 pp. 12859-12866
calcium phosphates, freezing, magnesium, magnesium ammonium phosphate, minerals, mixing, orthophosphates, pH, phosphorus, sediments, sludge
A novel pretreatment approach combined freeze with microwave was developed to promote the release of orthophosphate from excess sludge, and the phosphorus (P) was recovered from the produced supernatant by phosphate sedimentation. Batch tests examined the effects of freezing time, pH, and microwave time on the release of phosphate (PO₄³⁻-P) of the excess sludge during the freezing-microwave pretreatment. The release amount of PO₄³⁻-P reached 276 mg/L under the conditions of the freezing time of 23 h, microwave time of 5 min, and pH of 4. The optimal conditions for phosphate precipitation were pH of 9.5, the mole ratio of Mg/P of 1.8, and stirring speed of 200 rpm. The recovery efficiency of PO₄³⁻-P reached 97.42% after the reaction of 20 min and the precipitation of 50 min. The precipitated sediment mainly consisted of amorphous calcium phosphate and magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP) which can be used as a substitute for phosphorus minerals.