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Accumulation of U, Th, Pb, V, Rb, and Ag in wild mushrooms Macrolepiota procera (Scop.) Singer from Goč, Serbia

Vukojević, Vesna, Đurđić, Slađana, Mutić, Jelena
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.13 pp. 13147-13158
Macrolepiota, atomic absorption spectrometry, bioaccumulation factor, lead, mushrooms, silver, soil, soil sampling, thorium, uranium, Serbia
In this study, the content of U, Th, Pb, V, Rb, and Ag in 19 soil samples from unpolluted Goč Mountain area (Serbia) was determined. The same elements were determined in 19 Macrolepiota procera samples, separately for caps and stipes. Soil samples were subjected to the BCR sequential extraction procedure. Element contents were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Obtained soil values for U were in the range from 0.30 to 0.86 mg/kg and for Th from 1.7 to 13.2 mg/kg. These values are the first for background levels at unpolluted Goč area, and they are lower than the corresponding values for European unpolluted soil. The mean values in soil for Pb, V, Rb, and Ag were 27.6, 57.4, 15.8, and 0.76 mg/kg, respectively. PCA was applied to establish criteria for translocation of the analyzed elements between two parts of the mushroom. Efficient translocation for all elements except Ag as the main amount of the elements was found in caps. The mean content in the caps for U and Th was 4.3 and 63 μg/kg, respectively. Bioconcentration factors were much higher than 1 only for Rb and Ag. M. procera only weakly accumulates U and Th from soil in unpolluted areas. These findings indicate limited role of M. procera in the mycoremediation of the mentioned actinides.