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The modified Si-Jun-Zi Decoction attenuates colon cancer liver metastasis by increasing macrophage cells

Zhou, Jin-Yong, Chen, Min, Wu, Cun-En, Zhuang, Yu-Wen, Chen, Yu-Gen, Liu, Shen-Lin
BMC complementary and alternative medicine 2019 v.19 no.1 pp. 86
Oriental traditional medicine, alternative medicine, animal models, colorectal neoplasms, fluorescence, fluorouracil, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, humans, image analysis, innate immunity, liver, macrophages, metastasis, mice, neutrophils, spleen, survival rate
BACKGROUND: The modified Si-Jun-Zi Decoction (SJZ), a Chinese medicine formula, is clinically used against multiple malignancies including colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aims to evaluate the effect of modified SJZ on CRC liver metastasis and identify the therapeutic mechanisms. METHODS: Human CRC cells with GFP fluorescence were transplanted into Balb/c nude mice spleens. Modified SJZ, 5-fluorouracil or the combined treatment was given for 3 weeks. CRC liver metastasis was measured by fluorescence imaging and plasma cytokines were analyzed. Furthermore, the effects of administration time and doses for the modified SJZ were investigated in nude mice. RESULTS: Modified SJZ could increase the survival rate and reduce CRC liver metastasis in the nude mice model. Plasma GM-CSF level was elevated. Three weeks of treatment with the modified SJZ at the full dose (45 g/kg) could significantly increase the number of macrophages but not neutrophils in the spleen. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that modified SJZ can inhibit CRC liver metastasis by activating the innate immune system, providing a complementary and alternative therapy for CRC.