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Effects of incorporating roasted lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) flour on the physicochemical and sensory attributes of beef sausage

Leonard, William, Hutchings, Scott C., Warner, Robyn D., Fang, Zhongxiang
International journal of food science & technology 2019 v.54 no.5 pp. 1849-1857
Lupinus angustifolius, adhesion, beef, carbohydrates, consumer acceptance, cooking quality, dietary fiber, flavor, flour, lipid content, meat emulsions, odors, proximate composition, sausages, sensory evaluation, texture, water content
The effects of incorporating lupin flour on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of beef sausages were explored. Lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) flour was roasted, then hydrated to match the moisture content of beef meat. The beef sausage samples were manufactured for six treatments by replacing beef with hydrated lupin flour from 0% to 36% (w/w). Proximate analysis revealed that carbohydrate (dietary fibre) level was increased from 9.62% to 19.31%, whereas fat content was decreased from 11.62% to 7.91%. Inclusion of lupin flour increased the meat emulsion stability (fluid released decreased from 9.35% to 1.53%) and decreased cooking loss from 22.70% to 14.30%. Softer texture and greater adhesiveness were observed in lupin‐incorporated formulations. Sensory evaluation indicated no significant difference between control and 12% lupin‐enriched beef sausage formulation in appearance, aroma, flavour and overall liking, suggesting lupin flour can be added to beef sausage at this level without compromising consumer acceptance.