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Effect of ripening with Penicillium roqueforti on texture, microstructure, water distribution and volatiles of chicken breast meat

Guo, Liping, Yu, Bing, Wang, Shuling, Zhu, Yinglian, Li, Peng, Wang, Baowei, Huang, Ming, Sun, Jingxin
International journal of food science & technology 2019 v.54 no.5 pp. 1550-1557
Penicillium roquefortii, aldehydes, breast meat, chicken meat, flavor compounds, hardness, meat aging, microstructure, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, protein structure, scanning electron microscopy, texture, transmission electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopy, water holding capacity
In this study, the influence of ripening with Penicillium roqueforti on texture, microstructure, protein structure, water mobility and volatile flavour compounds of chicken breast meat was investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) images showed that the granule formed and chicken myofibril fractured after ripening. Reduction in α‐helix and increases in β‐sheet structure content accompanied by decrease in hardness and springiness and increase in gumminess were found in ripened chicken breast meat. Low field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF‐NMR) revealed that increasing intra‐myofibrillar water and decreasing extra‐myofibrillar water resulted in the higher water‐holding capacity after ripening with P. roqueforti. In addition, chicken breast meat ripened with P. roqueforti contained more volatile flavour compounds, in particular aldehydes.