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Organophosphate hydrolase conjugated UiO-66-NH2 MOF based highly sensitive optical detection of methyl parathion

Mehta, Jyotsana, Dhaka, Sarita, Paul, Ashok K., Dayananda, Siddavattam, Deep, Akash
Environmental research 2019 v.174 pp. 46-53
aryldialkylphosphatase, enzyme activity, fluorescence, hydrolysis, p-nitrophenol, parathion-methyl, storage time
The hexahistidine-tagged organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH6His) has been immobilized on a Zr-MOF, namely UiO-66-NH2. The resulting enzyme-MOF composite was used as a carrier to facilitate the hydrolysis of an organophosphate pesticide, i.e., methyl parathion in to p-nitrophenol (PNP). The formation of PNP took place in direct proportion to the added pesticide concentration. Coumarin1 (7-diethylamino-4-methylcoumarin) was then introduced in the reaction mixture as a reporter fluorescent molecule. As PNP acted to quench the fluorescence of coumarin1, it became possible to detect methyl parathion over a wide concentration range of 10–106 ng/mL with an achievable limit of quantification as 10 ng/mL. The immobilization of OPH6His on the surface of UiO-66-NH2 was found to endow an improvement in the enzymatic activity by about 37%. The OPH6His/UiO-66-NH2 conjugate was reusable for at least up to eight times and also found stable toward long-term storage (minimum 60 days). The potential practical utility of the above proposed sensing method has been demonstrated by employing it for an accurate analysis of pesticide-spiked food samples.