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Chloropicrin alternated with biofumigation increases crop yield and modifies soil bacterial and fungal communities in strawberry production

Zhang, Daqi, Yan, Dongdong, Fang, Wensheng, Huang, Bin, Wang, Xianli, Wang, Xiaoning, Zhu, Jiahong, Liu, Jie, Ouyang, Canbin, Li, Yuan, Wang, Qiuxia, Cao, Aocheng
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.675 pp. 615-622
Actinobacteria, Ascomycota, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, Proteobacteria, Zygomycota, biofumigation, chloropicrin, electrical conductivity, fruit yield, fungal communities, fungi, genetic variation, methyl bromide, nitrate nitrogen, organobromine compounds, pests, phosphorus, physicochemical properties, potassium, sequence analysis, soil, soil bacteria, species abundance, strawberries
Chloropicrin (Pic) and biofumigation are both considered effective chemical and non-chemical alternatives to methyl bromide, respectively, for controlling crop-limiting soil-borne pests and diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of Pic alone and ‘chloropicrin alternated with biofumigation’ (CAB) on the soil's physico-chemical properties and strawberry yield, as well as their effects on soil bacterial and fungal communities. The contents of NO3−-N, available phosphorus and potassium, and electrical conductivity were all significantly increased when CAB was used. In addition, CAB also significantly increased the strawberry marketable yield. High-throughput gene sequencing showed the species abundance of some soil bacteria and fungi was significantly increased such as the phyla Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria and Ascomycota when CAB was used. However, CAB decreased the relative abundance of the phyla Firmicutes, Chloroflexi, Gemmatimonadete and Zygomycota. These results indicated that CAB could improve the physico-chemical properties of soil for strawberry production, increase the genetic diversity of microbes in the soil and enhance marketable fruit yield.