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Novel porous magnetic nanospheres functionalized by β-cyclodextrin polymer and its application in organic pollutants from aqueous solution

Liu, Desheng, Huang, Zheng, Li, Minna, Sun, Ping, Yu, Ting, Zhou, Lincheng
Environmental pollution 2019 v.250 pp. 639-649
adsorption, aqueous solutions, beta-cyclodextrin, crosslinking, dispersibility, iron oxides, magnetism, nanoparticles, nanospheres, nitrogen, pollutants, polymerization, polymers, solvents, synergism
Magnetic β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) porous polymer nanospheres (P-MCD) was fabricated by one-pot solvent thermal method using β-CD immobilized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile as the monomer. Compared with the β-CD polymerization method reported in the literature,_ENREF_1 the synthetic route is effective and simple, thereby overcoming the harsh conditions that require nitrogen protection and always maintain anhydrous and oxygen-free. Moreover, the immobilization of β-CD on magnetic nanoparticles is combined with the cross-linking polymerization of the cross-linker, leading to a good synergistic effect on the removal of contaminants. Meanwhile, the dispersibility of the magnetic carrier enhances the dispersion of the β-CD porous polymer in the aqueous phase, and improves the inclusion adsorption performance and the adsorption process. P-MCD exhibited superior adsorption capacity and fast kinetics to MB. The maximum adsorption capacity of MB for P-MCD was 305.8 mg g −1, which is more than β-CD modified Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@β-CD). Moreover, the material had a short equilibrium time (5 min) for MB, high recovery and good recyclability (the adsorption efficiency was still above 86% after five repeated uses).