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Quorum-dependent expression of rsmX and rsmY, small non-coding RNAs, in Pseudomonas syringae

Nakatsu, Yukiko, Matsui, Hidenori, Yamamoto, Mikihiro, Noutoshi, Yoshiteru, Toyoda, Kazuhiro, Ichinose, Yuki
Microbiological research 2019 v.223-225 pp. 72-78
Northern blotting, Pseudomonas amygdali, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, cysteine, enzymes, gene expression, lactones, microarray technology, mutants, non-coding RNA, open reading frames, pathovars, quorum sensing, sequence deletion, stop codon, tomatoes, transcription (genetics), transcription factors
Pseudomonas syringae pathovars are known to produce N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) as quorum-sensing molecules. However, many isolates, including P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (PtoDC3000), do not produce them. In P. syringae, psyI, which encodes an AHL synthase, and psyR, which encodes the transcription factor PsyR required for activation of psyI, are convergently transcribed. In P. amygdali pv. tabaci 6605 (Pta6605), there is one nucleotide between the stop codons of both psyI and psyR. However, the canonical stop codon for psyI in PtoDC3000 was converted to the cysteine codon by one nucleotide deletion, and 23 additional amino acids extended it to a C-terminal end. This resulted in overlapping of the open reading frame (ORF) for psyI and psyR. On the other hand, stop codons in the psyR ORF of P. syringae 7 isolates, including pv. phaseolicola and pv. glycinea, were found. These results indicate that many pathovars of P. syringae have genetically lost AHL production ability by the mutation of their responsible genes. To examine whether PtoDC3000 modulates the gene expression profile in a population-dependent manner, we carried out microarray analysis using RNAs prepared from low- and high-density cells. We found the expressions of rsmX and rsmY remarkably activated in high-density cells. The activated expressions of rsmX and rsmY were confirmed by Northern blot hybridization, but these expressions were abolished in a ΔgacA mutant of Pta6605. These results indicate that regardless of the ability to produce AHL, P. syringae regulates expression of the small noncoding RNAs rsmX/Y by currently unknown quorum-sensing molecules.